Warsaw is one of the most important education centres of Poland. It is home to four major universities and over 62 smaller schools of higher education. The overall number of students of all grades of education in Warsaw is almost 500.000 (29.2% of the city population; 2002). The number of university students is over 255.000.
The University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski, 55,000 students, 19 faculties) was established in 1816, when the partitions of Poland separated Warsaw from the oldest and most influential Polish academic center, in Kraków. Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska, 31,000 students, 18 faculties) is the second academic school of technology in the country, and one of the largest in Central Europe, employing 2,000 professors. It was established in 1898 as the Nicolas II.’s Technical Institute, in 1915 changed the name at the present one. Other institutions for higher education:
Medical University of Warsaw (Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, the largest medical school in Poland and one of the most prestigious – established in 1950 as the Medical Academy (earlier a medicine was being lectured at the Medical Faculty of the University of Warsaw), the present name obtained in 2008; 10,000 students, 4 faculties;