Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
of East Frisia
, June 24, 1532 – Aurich
, March 1, 1599) and the son of Enno II of East Frisia
and Anna of Oldenburg
During his reign, he came into conflict with the city of Emden
. Edzard was a staunch Lutheran
while the city of Emden was mostly Calvinistic
. In 1595 Emden revolted and, after an intercession by the Calvinistic Dutch Republic
, Edzard was forced to accept a large degree of independence from Emden.
Edzard II had a dispute with his dominant mother, Anna
. She had abolished his right of primogeniture
, in an attempt to curb the influence of the Swedish
royal family. She decreed that Edzard should rule East Frisia jointly with his younger brothers Johan and Christopher. When Christopher died early, Edzard ran into a strong and almost hateful rivalry with his brother Johan II
. The power struggle between two increasingly hamstrung their government. After Johan died in 1591, Edzard became the sole ruler, but his authority had been severely hit by the ongoing conflict.
At the request of the Estates
, Edzard founded the High Court in Aurich
In 1595, the city of Emden revolted. In the course of this Emden Revolution
, the Cirksena
family were driven out of Emden. Under pressure from the Dutch States General
, Edzard signed on 5 July 1595 the Treaty of Delfzijl
, which gave Emden a large degree of independence.
During Edzard's reign, the Counts of East Frisia definitively lost the Lordship of......