The Court of Justice of the European Free Trade Association States
(more commonly known as the EFTA Court
) is a supranational judicial body
responsible for the three EFTA
members who are also members of the European Economic Area
, Liechtenstein and Norway
As members of the EEA, the three countries have access to the internal market
of the European Union
. Consequently they are subject to a number of European laws
. Enforcement of these laws would normally be carried out by the European Court of Justice
(ECJ), however there were legal difficulties in giving Union institutions powers over non-members so the EFTA Court was set up to perform this role instead of the ECJ.
Since September 1995, the Court has consisted of three judges and six ad-hoc judges. They are nominated by the three members and appointed by their Governments collectively through common accord.
According to Article 108(2) of the EEA Agreement of 2 May 1992, The EFTA Court was originally designed for the then seven EFTA States Austria
, Finland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Sweden
. On 1 January 1994, upon the entry into force of the EEA... Read More