The Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline Company (EAPC) operates several petroleum and petroleum products pipelines in Israel, most notably the Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline. It also operates two oil terminal and depots in the country. The company was originally formed in 1968 as a 50/50% joint venture between Israel and Iran (during the Shah's rule) to transport crude oil from Iran to Europe.Bialer, Uri. Fuel Bridge across the Middle East—Israel, Iran, and the Eilat-Ashkelon Oil Pipeline. In: Israel Studies, Vol 12, No 3 (Fall 2007) When relations between Israel and Iran were severed after the Iranian Revolution, Iran stopped taking an active part in the venture.
The services of EAPC are: transporting crude oil and refined products, long term storage, crude oil blending, processing of liquefied petroleum gas, fuel oil, destillates and gas.
1956: "Afike Neft" (Crude Oil Channel) founded to transport crude oil from Sinai to Haifa
1957: construction of 3 oil tanks in Eilat, 20 cm (8") Ø pipeline from Eilat to Beer-Sheva, 3 oil tanks in Beer-Sheva, trains transport crude oil to Haifa, later construction of a 40 cm (16") Ø pipeline from Beer-Sheva to Ashdod and transportation by ship to Haifa
1959: construction of a 40 cm (16") Ø pipeline from Eilat to Haifa
1966: construction of the storage facility Ramat Yotam, Eilat, Jetty 1, booster station in Paran
1968: EAPC established, construction of a 106 cm (42")......