or simply eldercare
is the fulfillment of the special needs and requirements that are unique to senior citizens
. This broad term encompasses such services as assisted living
, adult day care
, long term care
, nursing homes
care, and In-Home care
Cultural and geographic differences
The form of elder care provided varies greatly among countries and is changing rapidly. Even within the same country, regional differences exist with respect to the care for the elderly.
Traditionally elder care has been the responsibility of family members and was provided within the extended family
home. Increasingly in modern societies, elder care is now being provided by state or charitable institutions. The reasons for this change include decreasing family size, the greater life expectancy
of elderly people, the geographical dispersion of families, and the tendency for women to be educated and work outside the home. Although these changes have affected European and North American countries first, it is now increasingly affecting Asian countries also.
According to Family Caregiver Alliance
, the majority of family caregivers are women:
“Many studies have looked at the role of women and family caregiving. Although not all have addressed gender issues and caregiving specifically, the results are still generalizable to women because they are the majority of informal care providers in this country. Consider:• Estimates of the percentage of family... Read More