The Election Commission of Malaysia
() is a commission set up for the purpose of regulating and conducting elections
. Its establishment is mandated by Article 114
of the Constitution of Malaysia
. The Election Commission falls under the purview of the Prime Minister's Department
The Election Commission (EC) was formed on Sept 4, 1957, under Article 114 of the Constitution of Malaysia
, which empowers it to conduct elections for the Dewan Rakyat
and state legislative bodies.
At its establishment, the EC only consisted of a chairman and two members – Datuk Dr Mustafa Albakri Hassan together with Lee Ewe Boon and Ditt Singh.
A secretariat was also set up to fulfil the commission's functions and carry out its decisions, with a secretary made the chief administrator. The first EC secretary was H. Cassidy.
After the formation of Malaysia
in 1963 and the inclusion of Sabah
, another member was added to represent the two states on a rotation basis. Datuk Abang Marzuki Nor from Sarawak was the first such member appointed.
An amendment to Article 114 made in 1981 provided for the new post of a deputy chairman, and Abdul Rahman Abdul Hassan was the first to hold this position.
Today, the EC has a chairman, a deputy chairman and five members, all appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
after consulting the Conference of Rulers
Under Article 114, the Commission is empowered to "conduct... Read More