<!-- Image with unknown copyright status removed: -->Elena
: Елена) is a Bulgarian
town in the central Stara Planina
mountain in Veliko Tarnovo Province
, located 42 km away to southeast from the city of Veliko Tarnovo
. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Elena Municipality
. The area is a popular mountain resort also known for the typical local cuisine. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 5,665 inhabitants. It forms a terminal for the Gorna Oryahovitsa
-Elena railway line.
History and architecture
Elena is an old settlement founded before the 15th century. During the 18th and 19th century it established itself as a centre of crafts, trade and education. There are several architectural ensembles preserved dating back to the Bulgarian National Revival
and comprising about 130 old houses. Wall-to-wall construction forms interesting street silhouettes. The houses have stone basements with white-washed or wooden walls of the upper floor with protruding bays above.
The town's sights include an old first class school, founded in 1848 and named Daskalolivnitsa
, where future teachers were educated (and where nowadays a museum exhibition is arranged), the St Nicholas Church of the 16th century, with valuable mural paintings and icons, and the three-naved Church of the Assumption, built entirely of stone (1837). The clock tower
) that features an antique clock... Read More