Empress Yang Zhi
(楊芷) (259–292), courtesy name Jilan
(季蘭), nickname Nanyin
(男胤), formally Empress Wudao
(武悼皇后, literally "the martial and fearful empress") was an empress
of Jin Dynasty
. She was Emperor Wu
's second wife and cousin to his first wife, Empress Yang Yan
Marriage to Emperor Wu and life as empress
Not much is known about Yang Zhi's life before she married Emperor Wu. Before Empress Yang Yan died in 274, she was fearful that whoever became empress next would undermine her developmentally-disabled
son Crown Prince Zhong
's position as crown prince
, and therefore she asked Emperor Wu to marry her cousin Yang Zhi after her death. Emperor Wu agreed and, in 276, married Yang Zhi and created her empress. Her father Yang Jun
became a key official in the administration and became extremely arrogant.
The new Empress Yang herself was described as beautiful and virtuous and favored by her husband (who, however, also had upwards of 10,000 concubines
). She bore him a son, Sima Hui (司馬恢), in 283, but Prince Hui died in 284. She did not bear him other children afterwards. After Emperor Wu conquered Eastern Wu
in 280, he became largely obsessed with feasting and women, and tired of handling important matters of state. Empress Yang's father Yang Jun and her uncles Yang Yao (楊珧) and Yang Ji (楊濟) became those who made actual decisions and became very powerful.
Empress Yang was instrumental in keeping Crown Prince Zhong's wife......