manuscripts are manuscripts
that contain the text of Revelation
and/or a commentary on Revelation and also illustrations. Many of the more famous Apocalypse manuscripts were made in England
c. 1250-1400.Paul Meyer
and Léopold Delisle
, in their book L’Apocalypse en français au XIIIe siècle (Paris MS fr. 403)
, 2 vols., Paris, 1900-1, were the first scholars to try to list, describe and categorise the English Apocalypse manuscripts.M. R. James
also wrote about illustrated Apocalypse manuscripts in his book The Apocalypse in Art
, London, 1931.
Since M. R. James' work, there have been a number of more recent studies by R. Freyhan, George Henderson, Peter Klein, Suzanne Lewis, Nigel Morgan and Lucy Sandler.
These manuscripts can be divided by the language and form of the Apocalypse text. Many manuscripts have a Latin
text, others have an Anglo-Norman
prose text and others have a French
verse text combined with a Latin text. Two manuscripts do not have a separate text, but incorporate excerpts from the text into the illustrations.
The illustrations can be divided into several different iconographic
groups. Interestingly, the manuscripts with a Latin text all belong to the same iconographic family. With a few exceptions, this is also true of the manuscripts with the French prose texts and also with the French verse-Latin texts.
This is a complete list of known English Apocalypse manuscripts of the 13th and 14th centuries.
- Berlin, Kupferstichkabinet Blatt......