was an English race-built galleon
of 46 guns, built in 1577 and captured by the Spanish in 1591, sinking soon afterwards. She was the first of thirteen English and Royal Navy ships to bear the name.Since she was built and served prior to the English Restoration
of 1660, she did not carry the 'HMS' prefix.
was built at a cost of £4,000 at the Royal Dockyard, Deptford
in 1577 by Master Shipwright Mathew Baker
. Her race-built
design was to usher in a new style of ship building that would revolutionize naval warfare for the next three hundred years. A comparatively small vessel, weighing about 400 tons, being about half the size of the Henri Grâce à Dieu
was rated as a galleon
The armament of ships of this period was fluid; guns might be added, removed or changed for different types for dozens of reasons. Revenge
was particularly heavily armed during her last cruise: she carried 20 heavy demi-cannon, culverins
and demi-culverins on her gun deck, where the sailors slept. On her upper decks were more demi-culverins
, and a variety of light weapons, including swivel-mounted breech-loaders, called "fowlers" or "falcons".
Raid on Cadiz (1587)
In 1587, Sir Francis Drake
sailed to the Spanish coast and destroyed much materiel
that Philip II had accumulated in preparation for the Armada. In consequence, Spanish plans for the invasion of... Read More