Eric William Ravilious
(22 July 1903 – 2 September 1942) was an English
painter, designer, book illustrator and wood engraver.
Ravilious was born 22 July 1903 in Acton
Ravilious studied at Eastbourne School of Art
, and at the Royal College of Art
, where he studied under Paul Nash
and became close friends with Edward Bawden
He began his working life as a muralist, first coming to notice as an artist in 1924. He went on to become one of the best-known artists of the 1930s. His watercolours, painted with a fine stippling technique within compositions that give light or dark features a telling role, are thought by some to have an almost uncanny loveliness. He was the leading light of wood-engraving in England
at that time, and undertook ceramic designs for Wedgwood
. He also designed graphics for London Transport
He was inspired by the landscape of the South Downs
. He frequently returned to Furlongs, the cottage of Peggy Angus
. He considered that his time at Furlongs "...altered my whole outlook and way of painting, I think because the colour of the landscape was so lovely and the design so beautifully obvious ... that I simply had to abandon my tinted drawings"
. Some of his most famous works, such as Tea at Furlongs
, were painted there.
He produced a woodcut of two Victorian gentlemen playing cricket, which has appeared on the front cover of each edition of Wisden......