(19 February 1850 – 9 July 1942) was a German
historian, best known for an influential Lehrbuch der historischen Methode
(1889) on historical method
He was born in Hamburg
as a son of merchant Louis Bernheim (later changed to Ludwig Berheim, born 7 December 1815 in Fürstenberg
) and Emma Simon (born 15 April 1834 in Kolberg
), who since 1834 lived in Hamburg
. On 16 April 1884 he married Amalie ("Emma") Henriette Jessen (born 18 September 1861 in Hamburg, died 9 July 1945 in Greifswald). They had a daughter and three sons.
Ernst attended the Johanneum since Easter, 1862, and graduated with Abitur
in 22 September 1868. From 1868 to 1872 he studied history in Berlin
, and Straßburg
. He graduated with the grades Dr. phil
and Dr jur.
in Straßburg (1873, supervised by Georg Waitz
), and Dr habil
(1874/75, supervised by Julius Weizsäcker
). Thereafter, he taught history at the University of Göttingen
and at the University of Bonn
. In 1883, he was called to the University of Greifswald
, Institute for History, where he held the positions of an "außerordentlicher Professor" ("Privatdozent") since 1883, and "ordentlicher Professor" since 1889. In 1899, he was elected Rektor
of the university. His eremitation was in 1921.
Due to his Jewish descent, Bernheim was subject to repressions during... Read More