Escherichia coli O104:H21

Escherichia Coli O104:H21

Escherichia coli O104:H21

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Description:
Escherichia coli O104:H21' is a rare serotype of Escherichia coli, a species of bacteria that lives in the lower intestines of mammals.http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5602a2.htm Laboratory-Confirmed Non-O157 Shiga Toxin Producing E. Coli, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, accessed March 16, 2007 The presence of many serotypes of E. coli in animals is beneficial or does not cause disease in animals. However, some serotypes of E. coli have been recognized as pathogenic to humans, e.g. H7, E. coli O121 and E. coli O104:H21.

History

E. coli O104:H21 was discovered in 1982, when it caused an outbreak of severe bloody diarrhea. It had infected hamburgers, and those affected had eaten these hamburgers not fully-cooked.

An outbreak of E. coli responsible for at least 22 deaths in Northern Europe in May of 2011 was reported to be caused by another O104 strain, H4.

Effects

E. coli O104:H21 can cause outbreak of infection similar to that caused by H7, the most common shiga-like toxin-producing E. coli (SLTEC). SLTECs are the most well-known causes of gastrointestinal illness and diarrhea.http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00038146.htmOutbreak of Acute Gastroenteritis Attributable to Escherichia coli...
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