Estremoz Municipality

Estremoz Municipality

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Estremoz Municipality

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Description:
Estremoz () is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 513.82 km² and a total population of 15,673 inhabitants (2001). The city itself has a population of 7,682. It is located in the Alentejo region.

Parishes

  • Arcos
  • Estremoz (Santa Maria)
  • Estremoz (Santo André)
  • Évora Monte (Santa Maria)
  • Glória
  • Santa Vitória do Ameixial
  • Santo Estêvão
  • São Bento de Ana Loura
  • São Bento do Ameixial
  • São Bento do Cortiço
  • São Domingos de Ana Loura
  • São Lourenço de Mamporcão
  • Veiros


History

The region around Estremoz has been inhabited since pre-historic times. There are also vestiges of Roman, Visigoth and Muslim occupation.

During the Reconquista, Estremoz was captured in the 12th century by the army of knight Geraldo Sem Pavor (Gerald the Fearless), who had also conquered neighbouring Évora. However, Estremoz was soon retaken by the Moors and only in the mid-13th century reconquered by Portuguese King Sancho II.

King Afonso III granted a letter of feudal rights (foral) to Estremoz in 1258, promoting the colonisation of the area. In the early 14th century, King Dinis I rebuilt the castle as a Royal Palace, turning the village into an important political centre. King Dinis' widow, Queen Isabel, considered a saint by the people, died in Estremoz castle on July 4, 1336. Many later kings and queens lived in Estremoz, like Peter I, who died at the Convent of St...
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