is an abandoned settlement in the Qaasuitsup
municipality in northern Greenland
. It was a starting point of discovery expeditions to the North Pole
, and the landing site of the last migration of the Inuit
from the Canadian Arctic
The village was located on the shores of Foulk Fjord
near Reindeer Point. The fjord is about wide and several miles long with cliffs on each side. Brother John's Glacier terminates at the eastern end of the fjord. At the foot of the glacier is Lake Alida, a small body of frozen fresh water. The northern end of Baffin Bay
west of the former village, narrowing into Nares Strait
between Greenland and Ellesmere Island
, is usually frozen from October to July.
Last migration to Greenland
Etah lies on the ancient migration route from the north of the Canadian Arctic, with several waves of ancient migrants passing through the area, from the northbound Independence I
and Independence II
cultures 4,400 and 2,700 years ago, respectively, to the southbound Thule culture
migrants a thousand years ago.
It is also the point where the last migration of the Inuit from Baffin Island
reached the coast of Greenland in 1865. An Inuit shaman
() named Qidlaq led the migrants from Baffin Island alongside the coast of Ellesmere Island for seven years, crossing the strait to Etah. The group split there, with some returning to Pond Inlet
in Canada at a cost of many lives. Inhabitants of......