The tree grows to a height of about 35 meters (110 ft) and a spread of around 10 m (35 ft) The trunk has deeply furrowed dark gray bark. The alternately arranged lanceolate leaves are dark grey-green and broader than other ironbarks, measuring 12–18 cm (5-7 in) long and 2.5–5 cm (1-2 in) wide. Thye are on petioles 1.5–2.7 cm (0.6-1.2 in) long. The flowers are creamy white. The dense, strong wood is valued for lumber. The sap, locally called "kino," was used by natives to keep fish lines from fraying and by the early settlers for ink.
Eucalyptus fibrosa is found in Queensland and New South Wales south to Moruya and extending west to the Central Tablelands, North Western Slopes, and Central Western Slopes. It grows in sclerophyll forest on clay soils.
Cultivars are available for planting. It is a bird attracting plant in gardens and parks,