Euclid of Megara

Euclid Of Megara

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Euclid of Megara

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Euclid of Megara (also Euclides, Eucleides, ; c. 435-c. 365 BCE"As a conjecture some scholars locate the life-span of Euclid between 435 and 365 BCE." Giovanni Reale, John R. Catan, (1987), A History of Ancient Philosophy, page 373. SUNY Press) was a Greek Socratic philosopher who founded the Megarian school of philosophy. He was a pupil of Socrates in the late 5th century BCE, and was present at his death. He held the supreme good to be one, eternal and unchangeable, and denied the existence of anything contrary to the good. Editors and translators in the Middle Ages often confused him with Euclid of Alexandria when discussing the latter's Elements.

Life

Euclid was born in Megara,Diogenes Laƫrtius, ii. 106; Cicero, Academica, ii. 42; Aulus Gellius, vii. 10. 1-4; Plato, Phaedo, 59B-C; Strabo, ix. 1. 8; although, according to Diogenes Laƫrtius, others called him a native "of Gela, as Alexander states in his Successions of Philosophers" but in Athens he became a follower of Socrates. So eager was he to hear the teaching and discourse of Socrates, that when, for a time, Athens had a ban on any citizen of Megara entering the city, Euclid would sneak into Athens after nightfall, disguised as a woman to hear him speak. He is represented in the preface of Plato's Theaetetus as being responsible for writing down the conversation between Socrates and the young......
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