The Eurasian Land Bridge
, sometimes called the New Silk Road
, is a term used to describe the rail transport
route for moving freight and/or passengers overland from Pacific
seaports in Siberia
to seaports in Europe
. The route, a transcontinental railroad
and rail land bridge
, currently comprises the Trans-Siberian Railway
, which runs through Russia and is sometimes called the Northern East-West Corridor
and the New Eurasian Land Bridge
or Second Eurasian Continental Bridge, running through China and Kazakhstan
. As of November 2007, about 1% of the $600 billion in goods shipped from Asia to Europe each year were delivered by inland transport routes.
Completed in 1916, the Trans-Siberian connects Moscow
with Russian Pacific seaports such as Vladivostok
. From the 1960s
until the early 1990s
the railway served as the primary land bridge between Asia and Europe, until several issues caused the use of the railway for transcontinental freight to dwindle. One issue is the railways of the former Soviet Union
(USSR) use a wider rail gauge
than most of the rest of Europe and China. Recently, however, the Trans-Siberian has regained ground as a viable land route between the two continents.
China's rail system had long linked to the Trans-Siberian via northeastern China and Mongolia. In 1990 China added a link between its rail system and the Trans-Siberian via Kazakhstan
. China calls its uninterrupted rail link between the Chinese port city of......