(December 5, 1827 - April 10, 1903) was an Italian histologist
who was a native of Lodi
He studied medicine at the University of Pavia
, and following graduation in 1850, he continued his education in Vienna
under Joseph Hyrtl
and Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke
. Afterwards he returned to Pavia
, where he taught classes in histology
at the Collegio Ghislieri
and at the university. In 1864 he attained the chair of physiology at the institute of physiology in Pavia.
Oehl is remembered for the introduction of microscopic
research in anatomy
at Pavia, and is credited with the creation of systematic studies of cell structure
via the microscope. He conducted pioneer physiological studies on salivation
, and described "Oehl's muscles", which are strands of muscle fibers in the chordae tendineae
of the left atrioventricular valve
. Some of his better known students were Camillo Golgi
(1843-1926), Camillo Bozzolo
(1845-1920), Giulio Bizzozero
(1846-1901) and Enrico Sertoli
- Teoria ed uso del microscopio, Pavia (Theory and use of the microscope), Tipografia dei Fratelli Fusi, 1855
- L'Istituto e l'insegnamento straordinario di fisiologia sperimentale in Pavia (The Institute and the instruction of physiological experiences in Pavia), Pavia, Bizzoni, 1862.
- Fisiologia del pneumogastrico (1867)
- Manuale di Fisiologia (published in 3 volumes), Milano,......