Eusebio Oehl

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Eusebio Oehl (December 5, 1827 - April 10, 1903) was an Italian histologist and physiologist who was a native of Lodi.

He studied medicine at the University of Pavia, and following graduation in 1850, he continued his education in Vienna under Joseph Hyrtl and Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke. Afterwards he returned to Pavia, where he taught classes in histology at the Collegio Ghislieri and at the university. In 1864 he attained the chair of physiology at the institute of physiology in Pavia.

Oehl is remembered for the introduction of microscopic research in anatomy and histology at Pavia, and is credited with the creation of systematic studies of cell structure via the microscope. He conducted pioneer physiological studies on salivation, and described "Oehl's muscles", which are strands of muscle fibers in the chordae tendineae of the left atrioventricular valve. Some of his better known students were Camillo Golgi (1843-1926), Camillo Bozzolo (1845-1920), Giulio Bizzozero (1846-1901) and Enrico Sertoli (1842-1910).

Selected writings

  • Teoria ed uso del microscopio, Pavia (Theory and use of the microscope), Tipografia dei Fratelli Fusi, 1855
  • L'Istituto e l'insegnamento straordinario di fisiologia sperimentale in Pavia (The Institute and the instruction of physiological experiences in Pavia), Pavia, Bizzoni, 1862.
  • Fisiologia del pneumogastrico (1867)
  • Manuale di Fisiologia (published in 3 volumes), Milano,......
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