The Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests ecoregion
, in the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome
, are located along the southern shore of the Black Sea
. The ecoregion extends along the thin coastal strip from the southeastern corner of Bulgaria
in the west, across northern Turkey
, to Georgia
in the east, where it wraps around the eastern end of the Black Sea.
The ecoregion is divided into two sub-regions.
or Colchian forests
are found around the southeast corner of the Black Sea in Turkey and Georgia. The Colchian forests are mixed, with deciduous Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa)
, hornbeam (Carpinus betulus
and C. orientalis
), Oriental Beech
), and Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa)
, together with evergreen Nordmann Fir
, the tallest tree in Europe at 78m), Caucasian Spruce
) and Scots Pine
). The Colchic region has high rainfall, averaging 1,500-2,500 mm annually, with a maximum in excess of 4,000 mm, and is home to some of Europe's temperate rain forests
The drier Euxine
or Euxinic forests
lie west of the Melet River
, and extend across the Bosporus
along the Black Sea coast of European Turkey to Bulgaria. The Euxine forests receive an average of 1,000 to 1,500 mm precipitation annually.
Rare habitat types include coastal sand dunes