<!-- This article is a part of WikiProject Aircraft
. Please see WikiProject Aircraft/page content
for recommended layout, and guidelines. -->
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II
is an American single-seat, twin-engine, straight-wing jet aircraft
developed by Fairchild-Republic
in the early 1970s. The A-10 was designed for a United States Air Force
requirement to provide close air support
(CAS) for ground forces by attacking tanks
, armored vehicles
, and other ground targets with a limited air interdiction
capability. It is the first U.S. Air Force aircraft designed solely for close air support.
The A-10 was designed around the GAU-8 Avenger
, a heavy rotary cannon
which forms the aircraft's primary armament (and is, to date, the heaviest rotary cannon ever mounted on an aircraft). The aircraft's hull incorporates over of armor
and was designed with survivability as a priority, with protective measures in place which enable the aircraft to continue flying even after taking significant damage.
The A-10's official name comes from the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
of World War II
, a fighter that was particularly effective at close air support. The A-10 is more commonly known by its nickname "Warthog
" or simply "Hog". As a secondary mission, it provides airborne forward air control
, guiding other aircraft against ground targets. A-10s used primarily in this role are designated OA-10
. The A-10 is expected to be replaced in 2028 or......