: 房山区; Traditional Chinese
: 房山區; Hanyu Pinyin
: Fángshān Qū) is situated in the southwest of Beijing
, 38 km away from the downtown Beijing. It has an area of 2,019 square kilometers and a population of 814,367 (2000 Census). The district consists of 8 subdistricts of the city of Fangshan, 14 towns, and 6 townships.
Demography and geography
The street committee area of Fangshan (population 187 667) contains an urban area, which from examination of the Google Earth image, has an area of 25 square kilometers and an estimated population of 200,000. Other major urban areas are Liangxiang (population estimate 110,000, 93,486 in township), Zhoukoudian (35,000, 39,877 in township), Doudian (30,000, 25,046 in township), and Liulihe (22,000, 37,936 in township).
Fangshan is situated to the east of the Taihang Mountains
. The east and south of the district is a fertile plain, with a narrow hilly area running from northeast to southwest. The district has many rivers and lakes; the Juma River
, Dashihe River
, Yongding River
, and Xiaoqing River
run through the district, assuring abundant water resources.
The location, climate and environment provide good conditions for agriculture. The district produces wheat, rice and various high quality fruits as well as large quantities of animal products. At the moment large investments are made for greenhouse production.
Transportation and telecommunication