The Far Eastern Curlew
or Eastern Curlew
) is a large shorebird
most similar in appearance to the Long-billed Curlew
, but slightly larger. It is mostly brown in color, differentiated from other curlews by its plain, unpatterned brown underwing. It has the longest bill of any shorebird and is probably the world's largest sandpiper
, at 63 cm (25 in), although the Eurasian Curlew
is of roughly similar dimensions.
The Far Eastern Curlew spends its breeding season in northeastern Asia, including Siberia
, and Mongolia
. Its breeding habitat is composed of marshy and swampy wetlands and lakeshores. Most individuals winter in coastal Australia
, with a few heading to South Korea
, and New Zealand
, where they stay at estuaries
, beaches, and salt marshes
. During its migration the Far Eastern Curlew commonly passes the Yellow Sea
It uses its long, decurved bill to probe for invertebrates in the mud. It may feed in solitary but it generally congregates in large flocks to migrate or roost. Its call is a sharp, clear whistle, cuuue-reee
, often repeated.
As of 2006, there are an estimated 38,000 individuals in the world.
==References==<!-- Micronesica32:257,37:69. -->
- O'Brien, Michael et al. (2006). The Shorebird Guide. New York: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-43294-9
- BirdLife International 2004. . In: 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Accessed 1 December 2006.