The barrage was built to divert up to of water from the Ganges River into the Hooghly River during the dry season, from January to June, in order to flush out the accumulating silt which in the 1950s and 1960s was a problem at the Port of Kolkata (Calcutta) on the Hooghly River. The Hooghly River divides Murshidabad and Malda districts of West Bengal.
The Ganges is one of the major rivers of the world.It rises at an elevation of about 23,000 feet in Gangotri on the southern slope of the Himalayan range.About one third of the total population of Bangladesh and about 50% of Indian population live in theGanga basin, 43% of total irrigated area in the country is also in the Ganga basinand there are about 100 urban settlements with a total population of about 120million on its banks. As a result Bangladesh and India have had many debates about how the Farakka Barrage cuts off Bangladesh's water supply and the sharing the water of the Ganges. Right from the beginning this created a concern for Bangladesh as it constitutes the low lying... Read More