, as distinct from fare avoidance
, is the act of travelling on public transport in disregard of the law
, having deliberately not purchased the required ticket to travel (having had the chance to do so). It is a problem in many parts of the world, and revenue protection officers operate on many systems. Often ticket barriers, manned or automatic, are in place at stations etc, to ensure only those with valid tickets may access the transport.
One method of fare evasion is jumping over the turnstiles
which mark the entryway into a subway
system; hence the term, "turnstile jumping".
Another method is on the bus
, passengers would either bypass the bus driver
or simply enter through the rear end of the bus. This is commonly found under the New York City Bus
system which is causing its operators to lose millions of dollars a year.
Closed circuit television
(CCTV) monitoring is used by many public transport companies to combat vandalism
and other public order crimes
. Using CCTV to apprehend fare-dodgers in the act requires full-time human monitoring of the cameras.Sophisticated CCTV systems discriminate the scenes to detect and segregate suspicious behaviour from numerous screens and to enable automatic alerting. However, the attentiveness of the surveillance personnel may be threatened by false reliance on automatics.
A penalty fare
is a special fare... Read More