(born 1951) is a prominent Kurdish
writer, poet and researcher. He is one of the founders of modern Kurdish poetry in the post-Goran period. He was born in 1951 in the province of Kirkuk
. He began publishing poetry in 1968. In the early 1970s he studied in the Kurdish
department of the Baghdad University
. He joined the Kurdish national movement under the leadership of Mustafa Barzany in 1974 and went toSyria
in 1975. He lived in Germany
from Autumn 1977 to Summer 1978. Finally he settled in Sweden
in the same year. In 1981, after studying for one year at the University of Stockholm
, he went to Uppsala University
where he studied Iranian languages. He is now teaching in the same university. He published a Swedish
-Kurdish Journal between 1985 and 1989 called Svensk-Kurdisk Journal
. Moreover he published a literary Kurdish magazine, Mamosta-y Kurd (31 issues) between 1985 and 1996. In 1992, he published Kurdish nationalism in Mam and Zin of Ahmad Khani
, a literary history that was translated into Swedish, Turkish
. Many of his poems have been translated into Persian
, Arabic, Norwegian
, Swedish, English
He has written 20 books, including:
- Project of a secret coup, in Kurdish, 1973.
- A river of light flowing from the red sun, in Kurdish, Beirut, 1977.
- The smell of darkness (short stories), in Kurdish, Stockholm 1997.
- Acclivity, in Kurdish, 1981.
- Kurdish nationalism in Mam and Zin of......