Fatehabad was founded by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb after his victory over his brother Dara Shikoh. Aurangzeb's Badshahi Bagh is located around 3 km away from Fatehabad. Later, Fatehabad was the stable of Maratha king Daulatrao Sindhia (1794–1827) who ruled over Gwalior. The historical name of the city is Samugarh.
Fatehabad is located at . It has an average elevation of 162 metres (534 feet).
India census, Fatehabad had a population of 19,318. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Fatehabad has an average literacy rate (adult) of 61.72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 70.87% of the males and 50.93% of females literate. A good 16.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.