The State Government has notified Fatehpur tehsil of District Barabanki under the linguistic minority population where speakers of Urdu constitute 15 per cent or more of the local population.
Fatehpur is located at . It has an average elevation of 110 metres (360 feet).
India census, Fatehpur had a population of 39,944. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Fatehpur has an average literacy rate of 58.4%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 56%, and female literacy is 47%. In Fatehpur, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.