(; ; pronounced ; c. 605 –632) was a daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
from his first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
."Fatimah", Encyclopaedia of Islam
. Brill Online. She is regarded by Muslims
as an exemplar for men and women. She remained at her father's side through the difficulties suffered by him at the hands of the Quraysh
. After migration
, she married Ali ibn Abi Talib
, Muhammad's cousin, and was mother to four of his children. She died a few months after her father, and was buried in Jannat Al-Baqi'
in the city of Medina near by Imam Hasan's grave, the exact location of her grave is unknown to many. Most Shias
believe that she was injured when defending Ali against the first Caliphate
, and that this incident led to her early death.
She seems to have performed only three acts of political significance, each recorded in almost all sources, both Sunni
and Shia, though in different versions. First, after the conquest of Mecca
she refused her protection to Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
; second, after the death of Muhammad she defended Ali's cause, opposed the election of Abu Bakr
, and had violent... Read More