Maulana Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi
(1797–1861) was one of the main figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857
. He was a philosopher, a poet, a religious scholar, but is most remembered for his role as a freedom fighter
. It was he who issued the fatwa
in favour of Jihad
against the English in 1857.
Fazl-e Haq had been a chief judge in Lucknow
. He was one of the pioneer freedom fighters deported to the Andaman Islands
in 1859. After the First War of Independence failed, he was arrested on 30 January 1859 at Khairabad
, was found guilty of "revolt" against the Government and sentenced for life to the prison at Kalapani
) with confiscation of his property by the Judicial Commissioner, Awadh
Court. He reached Andaman on 8 October 1859 aboard the Steam Frigate “Fire Queen”.
Shams-ul-Haq, the son of Fazal Haq, somehow managed to obtain the release order of his father. He reached Port Blair
on 13 February 1861, but was too late—Fazl-e-haq had been hanged on February 12.
Besides being a scholar of Islamic studies and theology, he was also a literary personage, especially Arabic and Persian literature. He edited the first diwan
of Mirza Ghalib
on his request.On account of his deep knowledge and erudition he was called Allamah
and later was venerated as a great Sufi
Fatwa of Jihad against British
Maulana Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi writes:
Criticism of Wahabi Ideology
Fazl-e-Haq was at the forefront of issuing fatwas
or gair muqallids
. He... Read More