The Polícia Federal
: Federal Police
) is the federal police
force of Brazil
subordinate to the Ministry of Justice
, whose main assignments are the investigations of crimes against the Federal Government or its organs and companies, the combat of international drug trafficking and terrorism, and immigration and border control police (including airports and water police).
In March 1944, the former capital of the Republic, Rio de Janeiro, the police of the Federal District was transformed into the Federal Department of Public Safety ("Departamento Federal de Segurança Pública", in Portuguese
, or simply DFSP). Despite its name change the DFSP only served in the Federal District
, but acted at the national level only at the maritime police, and air borders.
In the first half of 1946 the DFSP mission was extended to the whole country, especially in some cases, such as the illegal trade of narcotics and crimes against public faith, when the interest of National Finance. However, IAW the new 18 September Constitution, the states have given powers to meet their needs of government and administration, is considered a kind of limited autonomy that the existence of a security with national performance.
With the move of the Federal Capital in 1960, the DFSP moved to Brasilia, also providing the state of Guanabara
their public security services, and much of its effective. Due to the shortage of staff, the DFSP had to be restructured, following the model... Read More