The is a code
of evidence law
governing the admission of facts by which parties in the United States federal court system
may prove their cases, both civil and criminal. The Rules were enacted in 1975, with subsequent amendments.
The Rules were the product of protracted academic, legislative, and judicial examination before being formally promulgated in 1975. U.S. states
are free to adopt or maintain evidence rules different from the Federal Rules, but a substantial majority have adopted codes in whole or part based on the FRE. Because they govern the initial presentation of evidence in a trial, the Rules primarily serve to govern federal trial courts rather than appellate courts, as appellate courts, due to their function and scope address very few questions touching upon the facts of a case. Appellate courts do, however, monitor the application of the rules to ensure consistent application and coherent development of the federal common law of evidence. The Rules are also a focus of most Evidence courses in American law schools
The law of evidence governs the proof of facts and the inferences flowing from such facts during the trial of civil and criminal lawsuits. Before the twentieth century, evidence law was largely the product of decisional law. During the twentieth century, projects such as the California Evidence Code
and the Uniform Rules of Evidence encouraged the codification of those common-law evidence rules. In 1965, Chief... Read More