(11 December 1904 – 2 August 1944) was a German surrealist painter
Early life and education
Nussbaum was born in Osnabrück
, Province of Hanover
, as the son of Rahel and Philipp Nussbaum. Philipp was a World War I
veteran and German
patriot before the rise of the Nazis
. He was an amateur painter when he was younger, but was forced to pursue other means of work for financial reasons. He therefore encouraged his son’s artwork passionately.
Nussbaum was a lifelong student, beginning his formal studies in 1920 in Hamburg
and continuing as long as the current political situation allowed him. In his earlier works, Felix was heavily influenced by Vincent Van Gogh
and Henri Rousseau
and he eventually pays homage to Giorgio de Chirico
and Carlo Carrà
as well. Carl Hofer
painting influenced Felix’s careful approach to color.
In 1933, Nussbaum was studying on scholarship in Rome
at the Berlin Academy of the Arts when the Nazis
gained control of Germany. Adolf Hitler
sent his Minister of Propaganda in April to Rome to explain to the artist elites how "a Nazi artist is to develop", which entailed promoting heroism and the Aryan
race. Nussbaum began to understand that a Jewish
artist like himself could no longer remain at the academy.
A decade of fear
Nussbaum began a decade of fear, which is directly reflected through his paintings. In 1934, he took Felka Platek
, a painter who he had met while studying in... Read More