Consort Feng Xiaolian
(馮小憐) (died 581?) was an imperial consort of the Chinese
dynasty Northern Qi
. She was a concubine of the penultimate Gao Wei
, and his infatuation with her caused her to be, fairly or unfairly, often stated by traditional historians as a reason for Northern Qi's downfall.
Feng Xiaolian was initially a servant girl of Gao Wei's third wife Empress Mu Sheli
. As Empress Mu lost favor from Gao Wei, she offered Feng Xiaolian to Gao Wei as a consort, and Gao Wei favored Consort Feng greatly. He gave Consort Feng the title of Shufei
(淑妃), the first rank among consorts. She was described as alert, capable of dancing and playing the pipa
. He became so infatuated with her that they went everywhere together and swore to heaven that they wanted to live together and die together.
In winter 576, rival Emperor Wu of Northern Zhou
launched a major attack on Northern Qi, capturing the important city of Pingyang (平陽, in modern Linfen
). At that time, Gao Wei and Consort Feng were on a hunt at Qilian Lake (祁連池, in modern Xinzhou
), and when Gao Wei learned that Pingyang had fallen, he wanted to rush to recapture it, but Consort Feng wanted to hunt for one more round, so he agreed. When he eventually gathered his troops, he put Pingyang under siege, intending to recapture it. The Northern Qi forces sieged Pingyang with all effort—and after several days, were able to breach the wall—but at this point, Gao Wei stopped his attack and... Read More