() is a suburban district of the municipality of Beijing
. It lies to the southwest of the urban core of the city.
In Qing Dynasty
times, Fengtai was where the Imperial Manchu Army had its camps, trained, and held parades on festive occasions.
It is 304.2 square kilometers in area, making it the third-largest precinct in the greater urban part of Beijing, and is home to 790,000 inhabitants.
It is divided into 14 subdistricts of the city proper of Beijing, 2 towns, and 5 townships (2 of which are suburbs of the city proper of Beijing). This precinct is newly urbanized in comparison to those precincts in the old city, and until mid-1980s, it was still a mostly rural area where pig pens and goat pens were common, and major parts of the precinct had no electricity. It was only during the recent rapid economic development that the precinct was urbanized. Its postal code
Changxindian (population 78,092) and Yungang (population 32,894) street committees of Beijing make up an urban area distinct from Beijing.
The district is mainly an industrial area (there are Beijing county level development zones
including Fengtai Baipengyao Industrial Warehousing Area, Fengtai Changxindian Industrial Area, Fengtai materials Transport Area), but there are several cultural and historical sites such as the China Space Museum, Fengtai Park, and the Marco Polo Bridge
The southwestern stretches of the 3rd Ring Road
, 4th Ring Road