Finnic languages

Finnic Languages

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Finnic languages

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Description:
The Finnic or Baltic Finnic languages are a branch of the Uralic language family spoken around the Baltic Sea by about 7 million people.

The major modern representatives of the family are Finnish and Estonian, the official languages of their respective nation states. at Encyclopædia Britannica The other Finnic languages in the Baltic Sea region are Ingrian, Karelian, Ludic, Veps, and Votic, spoken around the Gulf of Finland and Lakes Onega and Ladoga. Võro and Seto (modern descendants of historical South Estonian) are spoken in south-eastern Estonia and Livonian in parts of Latvia.

The smaller languages are disappearing. In the 20th century both Livonian and Votic had fewer than 100 speakers left. Other groups of which there are records have long since disappeared.

Meänkieli (in northern Sweden) and Kven (in northern Norway) are Finnish dialects that the Scandinavian countries of Sweden and Norway have given a legal status of independent languages. They are mutually intelligible with Finnish.

The geographic center of the maximum divergence between the languages is located south of the Gulf of Finland.

General characteristics



There is no grammatical gender in Finnic languages, nor are there articles nor definite or indefinite forms.

The morphophonology (the way the grammatical function of a morpheme affects its production) is complex. One of...
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