, is a term often used to describe a student's status during their first year at an educational institution. It can also be used as a noun, to describe the students themselves (e.g. They are first years
The term first year
is used within New Zealand universities, primarily to describe students in their first year of tertiary education direct from secondary school.
is commonly in use as a US English idiomatic
term to describe a beginner or novice, a first effort, instance, or a student in the first year of study (generally referring to high school
or university study).
New members of Congress in their first term are referred to as freshman senators
or freshmen congressmen
to suggest their lack of experience at their new position, no matter how experienced they were in previous business or government positions.
In a four-year education setting, students are typically classified as freshmen (first years), sophomores
(second years), juniors
(third years), and senior
(fourth years), corresponding to their year of study. Beyond the fourth year, students are simply classified as fifth years, sixth years, etc. Some institutions use the term freshman
for specific reporting purposes.
At universities in the United Kingdom the term "fresher" is often used to describe new students who are just beginning... Read More