The Flămânda Offensive
(or Flămânda Maneuver
, which took place between 29 September and 5 October 1916, was an offensive across the Danube
mounted by the Romanian 2nd Army during World War I
. The battle represented a consistent effort by the Romanian Army
to stop the Central Powers south offensive led by August von Mackensen
. The battle ended as a tactical victory for the Central Powers
Romania begun its World War I in August 1916, when Romanian forces invaded Transylvania passing the border on the Carpathian Mountains
. The Romanian forces quickly defeated the small number of Austro-Hungarian forces based in the border area and started their advance into Austro-Hungarian territory, but they were halted soon. Meanwhile, a Central Powers force comprising German, Bulgarian and Turkish troops and led by August von Mackensen
in southeastern Romania.
Facing more serious threats than expected, the Romanian Crown Council decided to reinforce the 3rd Army
, led by General Alexandru Averescu
, by 150,000 men. Averescu consequently was put in charge of an army group
consisting of the 3rd Army and the Army of the Dobruja commanded by general Andrei Zayonchkovski
, comprising 17 divisions and planned to counterattack Mackensen's forces across the Danube River from behind. The plan was to attack the Central Powers
forces from the rear by crossing the Danube at Flămânda, while the front-line......