for "fire") is an island in the Sotavento
group of Cape Verde
. It is the most prominent of the group, rising to nearly 3,000 m (10,000 ft) above sea level at Pico do Fogo
The island is located between the islands of Santiago
. Practically the whole island is an active volcano that has been periodically active, last erupting in 1995, forming a new crater called Pico Pequeno
. Its largest feature is a 9 km wide caldera
, which has walls 1 km high. The caldera has a breach in its eastern rim, and a large peak rises in the centre. The central cone forms the highest point of the island and its summit is about 100 m higher than the surrounding wall of the caldera. Lava from the volcano has reached the eastern coast of the island within historical times.
A small village, called Chã das Caldeiras
, exists within the caldera of the volcano, and the residents are periodically evacuated during eruptions.
The island's main city is São Filipe
, near which is an airport
. First settled in the 1480s, it is largely an agricultural
island. The islands also houses schools, a gymnasium, banks, a post office, some hotels and squares (praças
Fogo has fertile land in the southwest with a slope of about 10 to 15 degrees. The north and the east are steep. The island rises abruptly from the ocean, which can be as deep as 5,300 m at a distance of 5km from the shoreline. The exception is to the west, where the island is... Read More