The Fokker Eindecker was a German World War Imonoplane single-seat fighter aircraft designed by Dutch engineer Anthony Fokker. Developed in April 1915, the Eindecker ("Monoplane") was the first purpose-built German fighter aircraft and the first aircraft to be fitted with synchronizer gear, enabling the pilot to fire a machine gun through the arc of the propeller without striking the blades. The Eindecker granted the German Air Service a degree of air superiority from July 1915 until early 1916. This period was known as the "Fokker Scourge," during which Allied aviators regarded their poorly armed aircraft as "Fokker Fodder".
Design and development
The Eindecker was based on Fokker's unarmed A.IIIscout, itself following very closely the design of the French Morane-Saulnier H shoulder-wing monoplane but using chrome-moly steel tubing for the basic fuselage structure instead of wooden components, which was fitted with a synchronizer mechanism controlling a single Parabellum MG14 machine gun. Anthony Fokker personally demonstrated the system on 23 May 1915, having towed the prototype aircraft behind his touring car to a military airfield near Berlin.
The history of what ended up being the "prototype" Eindecker aircraft, which bore Fokker factory serial number... Read More