The Foreign Assistance Act
(, et seq.) is a United States Act of Congress
. The Act reorganized the structure of existing U.S. foreign assistance
programs, separated military from non-military aid, and created a new agency, the United States Agency for International Development
(USAID) to administer those non-military, economic assistance programs. On November 3, 1961, President John F. Kennedy
signed the Act and issued Executive Order 10973, detailing the reorganization.
The agency unified already existing U.S. aid efforts, combining the economic and technical assistance operations of the International Cooperation Administration
, the loan activities of the Development Loan Fund
, the local currency functions of the Export-Import Bank
, and the agricultural surplus distribution activities of the Food for Peace
program of the Department of Agriculture
This act states that no assistance will be provided to a government which "engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, including torture orcruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolongeddetention without charges, causing the disappearance of personsby the abduction and clandestine detention of thosepersons, or other flagrant denial of the right to life,liberty, and the security of person, unless such assistancewill directly benefit the needy people in such country."
This Act was amended in... Read More