Fort Cumberland (Maryland)

Fort Cumberland (Maryland)

Fort Cumberland (Maryland)

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thumb|380px|Fort Cumberland, 1755 Fort Cumberland (built 1754) was an 18th century frontier fort at the current site of Cumberland, Maryland, USA. It was an important military and economic center during the French and Indian War (1754-63) and figured significantly in the early career of George Washington.

History

At the current location of the city of Cumberland, Maryland, a crude frontier fort was constructed at the confluence of Wills Creek and the Potomac River in fall 1754 by troops of the Maryland militia, under the command of Captain John Dagworthy. Initially named Fort Mount Pleasant, it was renamed Fort Cumberland in 1755.History Reconsidered,, extracts from the colonial Maryland Gazette September-October 1754; accessed 13 October 2010. Ft Cumberland figured prominently in the French & Indian War in 1755, when it became a rally point for British forces under command ofGeneral Braddock. The wood palisade fort is now gone, and occupying the site is the existing Emmanuel Episcopal Church, but the old fort tunnels still remain underneath.

This fort once marked the westernmost outpost of the British Empire in America, and was the jumping-off point for General Braddock's disastrous expedition against the French at Fort Duquesne. When Braddock was killed, a young officer of Virginia militia, George Washington, lead the troops back to Fort Cumberland. At the fort, Washington clashed with Captain Dagworthy over the issue of military rank and which...
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