Fort Humboldt State Historic Park
, is a California State Park located in the southern portion of Eureka, California
, just off U.S. Route 101
. The North Coast regional headquarters of the California State Parks
is located onsite.
Early Years, 1853–1860
With the discovery of gold in the Trinity River
in Trinity County, California
in May 1849, the stage was set for conflict between the Native Americans who lived in northwestern California and the settlers and gold seekers that flooded into the region. Northern California tribes such as the Yurok
, and Hupa
put up heavy resistance which would require serious attention from the U.S. Army.
Fort Humboldt was established on January 30, 1853, by the Army as a buffer between Native Americans, gold-seekers and settlers. It was founded by Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Robert C. Buchanan
of the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment
. Like Buchanan, many of the soldiers of this unit were veterans of the Mexican-American War
. Starting about 1853, Seth Kinman
was hired as a market hunter to supply elk meat to the fort. It was placed on a bluff overlooking and , named after David Buck, a member of the exploration party. Fort Humboldt’s location was chosen because of its strategic location overlooking the bay and to provide the only source of supply to the isolated and scattered areas of the region.
In addition to serving to protect the local inhabitants, it was also a supply... Read More