Fort Orange (New Netherland)

Fort Orange (New Netherland)

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Fort Orange (New Netherland)

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Description:
Fort Orange () was the first permanent Dutch settlement in New Netherland and was on the site of the present-day city of Albany, New York. It was a replacement for Fort Nassau, which had been built on nearby Castle Island in the Hudson River, and which served as a trading post until 1617 or 1618, when it was abandoned due to frequent flooding. Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau. Due to a dispute between the Director-General of New Netherland and the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck regarding jurisdiction over the fort and the surrounding community, the fort and community became an independent municipality, paving the way for the future city of Albany. After conquest by the English, Fort Orange (renamed Fort Albany) was soon abandoned in favor of a new fort- Fort Frederick, constructed in 1676.

History



In 1623 a ship with 30 Walloon (French Protestants from what is today Belgium) landed at New Amsterdam (New York City), 8 of whom moved to present-day Albany. There they proceeded to build Fort Orange roughly north of Fort Nassau, which was prone to flooding. Despite these additions, a 1628 publication on the population of New Netherland stated that "there are no families at Fort Orange... they keep five or six and twenty persons, traders, there".  In 1626 the commander of Fort Orange and a company of men set out from the fort to assist the Mahicans in their war against the......
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