Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
is the site of a partially reconstructed trading post on the Missouri River and the North Dakota
border twenty-five miles from Williston
. It is one of the earliest declared National Historic Landmarks
of the United States. The fort, perhaps first known as Fort Henry, was built in 1828 or 1829 by the Upper Missouri Outfit managed by Kenneth McKenzie
and capitalized by John Jacob Astor
's American Fur Company
, Reconstructing Fort Union
(University of Nebraska Press, 2001), 11.
Fort Union Trading Post was the most important fur trading post on the upper Missouri until 1867. At this post, the Assiniboine
, and other tribes traded buffalo robes and furs for trade goods including items such as beads,De Vore, Steven LeRoy, 1992. BEADS of the BISON ROBE TRADE: The Fort Union Trading Post Collection
. Friends of Fort Union Trading Post, Williston, North Dakota. http://www.nps.gov/archive/fous/booksplus.htmlSudbury, J. Byron, 2009. Politics of the Fur Trade: Clay Tobacco Pipes at Fort Union Trading Post (32WI17).
Historic Clay Tobacco Pipe Studies Research Monograph 2. 225 pages. Clay Pipes Press, Ponca City, Oklahoma 74602-2282 USA. http://www.claypipes.com/FortUnion.htm guns, blankets, knives, cookware, cloth, and especially alcohol. Historic visitors to the fort included John James Audubon