Fort William College

Fort William College

Fort William College

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Fort William College (also called the College of Fort William) was an academy and learning centre of Oriental studies established by Lord Wellesley, then Governor-General of British India. It was founded on July 10, 1800 within the Fort William complex in Calcutta. Thousands of books were translated from <!--written in (really ?)--> Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, Bengali, Hindi and Urdu at this institution.

The college

Fort William College aimed at training British officials in Indian languages and in the process it fostered the development of languages such as Bengali and Hindi.Sarkar, Nikhil, Printing and the Spirit of Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, pp. 130–2, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195636961. The period is of historical importance. In 1815, Ram Mohan Roy settled in Calcutta. It is considered by many historians to be starting point of the Bengal renaissance.Sengupta, Nitish, 2001–02, History of the Bengali-speaking People, p. 212, UBS Publishers’ Distributors Pvt. Ltd., ISBN 8174763554. A establishment of The Calcutta Madrassa in 1781, the Asiatic Society in 1784 and the Fort William College in 1800, completed the first phase of Kolkata’s emergence as an intellectual centre.

Teaching of Asian languages dominated: Arabic, Hindustani, Persian, Sanskrit, Bengali; and later Marathi and even Chinese...
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