The Forum of Augustus
is one of the Imperial forums
of Rome, Italy, built by Augustus
. It includes the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The triumvir Octavian
vowed to build a temple honoring Mars
, the Roman God of War, during the battle of Philippi
in 42 BC. After winning the battle, with the help of Mark Antony
, Octavian had avenged the assassination of his adoptive father Julius Caesar
. He became the first emperor of Rome in 27 BC under the name Augustus, and planned for the temple to be built in a new forum named after himself.
It appears as if construction did not begin on the Forum until around 20 BC, when Augustus avenged Rome once again, this time by negotiating the release of the standards lost by Marcus Licinius Crassus
to the Parthians. The land the Forum was to be built on was already owned by Augustus himself. However, the initial plans called for a bit more space than he had. In order to keep those on the land he would need to purchase to build upon, the plans were altered slightly, so some asymmetry is apparent, especially in the Eastern corner of the precinct; for which Suetonius states that Augustus did not dare to take the houses of the nearby owners by force. This self-proclaimed good deed was more than likely just a ploy to save Augustus money and trouble. These land issues, as well as numerous architectural mishaps, prolonged construction. The incomplete forum and its temple were inaugurated, 40... Read More