The Fourth Republic of South Korea
was the government of the country from 1972 to 1979 replacing the Third Republic of South Korea
. Throughout this period, 1972 to 1979, the government was led by Park Chung-hee
The Fourth Republic began with the adoption of the Yusin Constitution
on November 21, 1972. This new constitution gave him effective control over the parliament. In the face of continuing popular unrest, Park promulgated emergency decrees in 1974 and 1975 which led to the jailing of hundreds of dissidents.
The Fourth Republic of South Korea was replaced in 1979 by the Fifth Republic of South Korea
after it was overthrown by general Chun Doo-hwan
in the Coup d'état of December Twelfth
This period also saw continued dramatic economic growth, following the government's five-year plans. The government invested heavily in heavy industries.
A variety of events in international diplomacy led the Park regime to reconsider its diplomatic position. Notable here was the normalization of US diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China
, which cast doubt on South Korea's ability to count on Cold War backing from the US government. The South Korean government began to establish diplomatic relations with many countries, including Canada. In addition, the first round of Red Cross talks were held between South and North Korea. Park also announced plans for eventual reunification.
The Yusin Constitution
, also... Read More