(18 April 1873 – 13 April 1935) was a French sociologist
best known as a participant in the Année Sociologique
. As a member of the French Historical School of economics
, Simiand predicated a rigorous factual and statistical basis for theoretical models and policies. His contribution to French social science
was recognized in 1931 when, at the age of 58, he was elected to the faculty of the Collège de France
and accepted the chair in labor history.
Simiand's career was unusual. Like many destined to become influential academics in France
, he entered the École Normale Supérieure
at the top of his class in 1896. However, he quickly became interested in law
and submitted a thesis on the wages of coal miners in France (1904) to the faculty of law rather than becoming an academic. As a result, he foreclosed forever the possibility of a prominent university appointment. Thus in 1901 he became the librarian for the French Ministries of Commerce and Labor, a post he held until the outbreak of World War I
. From 1910 on he also taught Economic History at the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes
, an institution which did not require a doctorate from its lecturers.
Toward the end of the nineteenth century Simiand joined the editorial board of the Année Sociologique
. He became a central member of the group as editor of the economic sociology section and served as its expert on... Read More