Francis, Baron Dhanis

Francis, Baron Dhanis

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Francis, Baron Dhanis

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Francis, Baron Dhanis (1861–1909) was a Belgian civil servant born in London in 1861, the son of a Belgian merchant and of an Irish woman named Maher. He spent the first fourteen years of his life at Greenock, where he received his early education. The name Dhanis is reputedly a variation of D'Anvers.

After completing his education at the École Militaire he entered the Belgian army, joining the regiment of grenadiers, in which he rose to the rank of major. As soon as he reached the rank of lieutenant he volunteered for service in the Congo Free State of King Leopold II of Belgium, and in 1887 he went out for a first term. He did so well in founding new stations north of the Congo that, when the government decided to put an end to the Arab domination on the Upper Congo, he was selected to command the chief expedition sent against the slave dealers in the war in the Eastern Congo.

The campaign began in April 1892, and it was not brought to a successful conclusion until January 1894. The story of this war has been told in detail by Dr. Sydney Hinde, who took part in it, in his book The Fall of the Congo Arabs. The principal achievements of the campaign were the capture in succession of the three Arab strongholds at Nyangwe, Kasongo and Kabambari. For his services Dhanis was awarded the rank of baron, and in 1895 was made vice-governor of the Congo Free State.

In 1896 he was given command of an expedition to the Upper Nile. His troops, largely composed of the Batetela...
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